Malaysia is one of the 12 mega-diversity centres and is home to 10% of living organisms in the world. With an estimated 15,500 species of higher plants, 300 species of mammals and 189 species of amphibians. Embedded within the variety of flora and fauna are diverse chemicals that may be developed into clinically useful drugs. Significantly, 74% of all anticancer compounds in use are derived in some ways from natural sources.
- Newman, D. J. and Cragg, G. M., Journal of Natural Products, 75, 311, 2012